What is orthodontics
Orthodontics is the branch of dentistry concerning with the prevention and treatment of the abnormal position and development of teeth and jaws. Protruding teeth, crowded, cross bite, depict a picture of malocclusion which means bad bite. Orthodontics wants to prevent adult malocclusion.
What are dental problems and complex craniofacial derived from?
There is a common belief that a dental malocclusion is genetically determined. However, apart from the inherited syndromes, there is no evidence to indicate that the occlusal problems of our children are inherited directly from our parents or grandparents.
We inherit certain somatic traits, such as hair colour or eye shape, but we do not inherit a deformity: we acquire it.
The dysfunction of the soft tissues can be acquired independently from the parents. When time passes, the function that differs from the correct one, in breathing, swallowing, chewing, keeping your mouth open or closed, leads to a distortion of the jaws shape by changing the posture of the mouth in a vicious circle involving the alignment of the spine. This creates changes in body posture, because the position of the jaw, and consequently, of the hyoid bone is primarily affecting the cervical-scapular position.
Who should treat orthodontic problems?
There is a specific graduate professional figure, possibly specialized, who is the best person to undertake a treatment that can give effective and lasting results: the orthodontist, who is full-time or mainly dedicated to orthodontics.
What does an orthodontic treatment provide?
As part of the first visit, the orthodontist, after a careful study of the case by means of plaster casts of the dental arches, and mouth and skull x-rays, will develop a personalized treatment plan for every single patient and will design the orthodontic-orthopedic devices necessary to reposition his, or her, teeth and jaws. Removable devices may be used (such as plaques and functional devices or headgear) or fixed devices consisting of orthodontic brackets directly applied on the teeth in which, from time to time, wires of different diameter and form are inserted. These wires determine the movements of the teeth along with other superstructures such as springs and rubber bands.
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