The orthotic OMP ®
The term postural orthotic, commonly called bite, indicates a plate, normally made out of resin, which is inserted between the dental arches in order to change the dental fit without modifying – in a permanent manner – the teeth and their arrangement.
It acts on the neuro-muscular function and temporomandibular joint (TMJ).
Its primary purpose is to give a spatial position to the jaw that balances tensions against the masticator muscles and the TMJ, remedying that way the existing cranial and skeletal asymmetries.
The OMP ® designed with respect to the postural effects, can be considered an ergonomic system that allows to modify reversibly the occlusal scheme; it is used temporarily, sometimes for diagnostic purposes, and then if it is necessary to intervene with a definitive occlusal therapy: stomatognatical rehabilitation, selective grinding (subtraction), prosthetic treatment (addition), orthodontic or – in extreme cases – orthopedic surgery (displacement) of the jaws.
There are basically three types of bite:
– The postural orthotic or repositioning: it has a contact surface area with the teeth of the opposing jaw, it changes the position of the jaw in the three planes of space;
– The upper plate junction (bite – plate): it has a contact surface area with the teeth of the opposing jaw almost flat;
– The ‘neutral’ plate: it replicates, as a sheath, the teeth shape already existing without therefore having any therapeutic value and / or an ergonomic value excluded to avoid, especially at night, the teeth consumption in the cases of grinding.
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